Forming the possessive (...'s) (...s')
( noun's) 's بعد الاسم المفرد ضع
في حالة الجمع الذي ينتهي بــ S نضع ' بدون S
To form the possessive, add 's ('apostrophe -s' to the noun.
If the noun is plural,جمع or already ends in -s, just add:' (an apostrophe).
For names ending in -s:
في حالة الاسماء التي تنتهي بــ S فيمكن اضافة ' او s'
In speaking we add the sound /z/ to the name, but in writing it is possible to use either 's or just '. The 's form is more common. e.g. Thomas's book, James's shop.
The car of John = John's car.
The room of the girls = The girls' room.
Clothes for men = Men's clothes.
The sister of Charles = Charles' sister.
The boat of the sailors = The sailors' boat.
The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. 'Belonging to' or 'ownership' is one
of the relationships it expresses : لتوضيح الملكية
John owns يملك a car. ('John' is the possessor المالك or owner)
It is John's car.
America has some gold reserves. ('America' is the owner)
They are America's gold reserves.
It can also express other relationships, for example:
where someone works or studies or spends time:اين يدرس او يقضي وقته
John goes to this school. This is John's school.
John sleeps in this room. This is John's room.
a family relationship: العلاقات الاسرية
- John's mother
- The Queen's daughter
- John's patience. صبر جون
- The politician's hypocrisy. نفاق السياسي
There are also some fixed expressions where the possessive form is used:
| Time expressions || Other expressions |
a day's work ||
For God's sake! |
a fortnight's holiday ||
a pound's worth of apples. |
a month's pay ||
the water's edge |
| today's newspaper ||
a stone's throw away (= very near) |
in a year's time ||
at death's door (= very ill) |
in my mind's eye (= in my imagination) |
The possessive is also used to refer to shops, restaurants, churches and colleges, using the name or job title of the owner.
ويمكن ان تشير الي الاماكن مثل المطاعم او الصيدلية او الجزار الخ باضافة s' الي اسم او وظيفة الشخص
| the grocer's البقالة || the doctor'sعيادة الطبيب || the vet'sعيادة البيطري |
| the newsagent's || the chemist'sالصيدلية || Smith's |
| the dentist's || Tommy Tucker's || Luigi's |
| Saint Mary's || Saint James's ||
Shall we go to Luigi's for lunch?
I've got an appointment at the dentist's at eleven o'clock.
Is Saint Mary's an all-girls school?